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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10202/45

Title: The Question of Becoming: Islamic Reform-Movements in Contemporary Ethiopia
Authors: Østebø, Terje
Keywords: Ethiopia
Islam
Salafism
Islamism
Identity
Ethnicity
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Chr. Michelsen Institute
Series/Report no.: CMI Working paper
WP 2007: 8
Abstract: Ethiopia’s new political climate (since 1991) has enhanced the Muslims’ opportunities for religious expressions, clearly seen through the surfacing of several Islamic reform movements. These movements; the Salafi movement, the Tabligh movement and an Intellectualist revivalist movement have proven crucial for a certain process of objectification of religious affiliation, and have moreover served as channels for the search for belonging and coherent meaning among the Muslims. Discussing the movements’ socio-cultural composition and their ideological content, this paper pays attention to how features of locality interact with trans-local ideological currents, reciprocally affecting each other. Of particular interest in the Ethiopian case is the explicit avoidance of any political agenda, a distinct intermarriage with a discourse on ethnicity, where the latter has contributed to complex processes of constructing and demarcating religious- and ethnic-based boundaries. The paper thus seeks to demonstrate the complex interrelationship between global currents and local factors; all contributing to the heterogenisation of contemporary Islam.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10202/45
ISBN: 978-82-8062-212-9
ISSN: 0804-3639
Appears in Collections:CMI Collection (Reports, Working Papers, Articles etc.)

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