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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10202/133

Title: The role of participation and empowerment in income and poverty dynamics in Indonesia 1993-2000
Authors: Villanger, Espen
Enes, Anette
Keywords: Household income
Poverty reduction
Indonesia
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Chr. Michelsen Institute
Series/Report no.: CMI Working paper
WP 2004: 13
Abstract: The objective of this study is to assess whether living in a community that has a more democratic decision making system or in a society with a higher degree of participation and cooperation has any effect on household income changes and poverty reduction in Indonesia. Constructing an empowerment index and a participation index, we find that a household would have had a two percentage point higher income growth from 1993 to 2000 if it had been in a society with a high degree of cooperation compared to a society with the lowest degree of cooperation, if our results imply causality. This is substantial, since the average household per capita real income growth between 1993 and 2000 was 11 %. The participation index was found to be insignificant.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10202/133
ISBN: 82-8062-097-4
ISSN: 0804-3639
Appears in Collections:CMI Collection (Reports, Working Papers, Articles etc.)

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